Healthy and white teeth is a very important element among people. Dental whitening procedures have been applied frequently by dentists in recent years. Teeth whitening is the process of removing the colored, organic and inorganic substances formed with porous enamel on the surface of the teeth using the tooth whitening gels.
Why Do We Need Teeth Whitening?
The appearance of the teeth is important for those who consider their personal care. Teeth shape and color disorders can cause psychological disorders. Many color, shape and position disturbances can be easily solved with the natural tooth whitening methods that can be applied at home by using herbal methods, as well as the development of aesthetic and restorative materials in dentistry. There are also some applications such as home-made carbonates, tooth whitening toothpastes and use of products such as tooth whitening pen, as well as some medical tooth whitening treatments applied by dentists. The bleaching of the colored teeth which is among them is more economical, easier and effortless compared to other restorative methods.
Why do the teeth lose whiteness?
Structural disorders occurring during the formation of teeth in childhood, some antibiotics exposed in infancy or in the womb, food and drinks consumed in daily life (coloring substances such as cigarettes, tea and coffee) and the amount of fluoride in drinking water may cause the teeth to change color.
This color change in teeth is divided into two:
Inner coloration: Stains that are penetrated into the tooth and cannot be removed by brushing. The structural defects that occur during the formation of the teeth (depending on drugs or due to excess fluorine intake) are considered in this class. Whitening is very successful in most of these cases.
Outer coloration: Coloring adhering to the surface of the teeth due to cigarette, tea, coffee and cola and some food types. Mostly, it is possible to get rid of these stains after cleaning the teeth.
Different colorations require different treatments. Therefore, it is recommended that your dentist will decide what type of treatment should be done.
Which Methods of Teeth Whitening Are Applied?
Teeth whitening methods are divided into two different types according to the application technique:
Power Bleaching performed within an hour in an office environment is the fastest, reliable and effective whitening system consisting of whitening gel and light, which can bleach the tooth color 3-4 tons in a short time.
Home Bleaching is a whitening process by placing gels into personalized plastic mouthpieces. Desired whitening is provided in 5-7 days averagely. It should be worn for 4-8 hours per day (may vary depending on color and gel).
Can Anyone Bleach their Teeth?
Anyone who does not have any dental and gum disease interfering with the treatment can undergo dental whitening treatment, but the dentist must make examination before the bleaching process. Those who have advanced caries and gum disease should apply the whitening procedure after having their treatment done by their physician. Apart from this, it is not recommended to apply teeth whitening to people who have not completed their growth and development, pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Is Teeth Whitening Safe; does it Damage the Teeth?
Researches and microscopic studies done have indicated that there is no harm in use of a whitening solution of 10 percent. There is not a single study showing that there may be structural change and permanent damage if the teeth are whitened. Different concentrations of medicines can be used to whiten teeth, but the dentist must decide how much and how to use them.
What are the Side Effects of Teeth Whitening?
All whitening gels give more or less sensitivity to the teeth. This sensitivity to cold-hot drinks and air can cause discomfort to people. This is a normal and expected side effect of the application. If the sensitivity does not pass within 24-48 hours, it may be necessary to stop using the bleach. In case of sensitivity, your dentist will apply fluoride and toothpaste or creams that he/she recommends. As a further option to reduce sensitivity, toothpastes with potassium nitrate may also be used.
How long does the bleaching effect last?
The result taken from the bleaching process depends on the tooth structure of the person and remains constant between about 6 months and 2 years. Of course, this period depends on the person himself. Materials that may change the color of the teeth should be avoided at least two weeks during and after bleaching.
If you are having problems with the color of your teeth, you can consult your dentist to apply the teeth whitening treatment.