It is known that the ideal fat content in the human body is around 15 percent for males and 22 percent for females. Ideally, this fat content may not be homogeneously distributed throughout the body, even at a high rate. In other words, fat may accumulate in certain regions.
In the past, the fuller body lines were considered beautiful while the perception of beauty changed over time and the anorexic mannequins have appeared on the catwalks. Naturally, medical investigations were performed and in 1974 the first liposuction was performed in order to eliminate excess fats. With the advancement of technology, the process of liposuction, in other words the absorption of fat, has also undergone major changes. The most widely used liposuction techniques today are as follows:
Vacuum Assisted Liposuction (= Classic liposuction method): Removal of the fat by means of vacuum.
Power Assisted Liposuction: In order to more easily disintegrate fats, a special cannula is used and suction is done to mechanically disintegrate the fat.
Ultrasound Assisted Liposuction: It is the use of ultrasound energy for the breakdown of fats and then the absorption of the broken fat in vacuum.
Laser Assisted Liposuction: It is the absorption of fats by laser energy. By applying energy at different wavelengths, more controlled and homogenous melting of fats and tightening of the skin is the greatest advantage of this method compared to other methods.
While the most recently accepted method is the laser liposuction method, any liposuction procedure is not a weight loss method. Liposuction is the process of sucking the undesirable fats in some parts of the body (causing contour irregularity) with the help of cannulas in addition to regular exercise and/or diet. The purpose of this process is to correct contours rather than weight loss. In contrast to mixing, "lipolysis" is the process of melting/breaking the fats by sound waves, mechanical trauma or laser. Absorption of fat after lipolysis is "liposuction". This procedure is made by 3-mm incisions (through the holes) with cannulas and no traces are left.
The duration of the liposuction procedure varies according to the amount of fat to be absorbed and the number of areas to be operated. If a limited area and a small amount of fat will be removed, this procedure can be performed under sedation and local anesthesia. Returning to work in the early period is also possible in small amounts of liposuction; when a large amount of fat is removed, at least 1 week of rest period is required. The amount of bruising, swelling and pain varies depending on the patient's personal characteristics as well as the amount and area of fat taken. The corset should be worn 2 to 4 weeks postoperatively. The outgrowth of the swelling may vary depending on the amount of fat taken, but may be 1-2 months. The final result is taken within 6 months and 1 year, when the wound healing is completed.
Liposuction with or without laser can be applied to hip, waist, back, calf, leg, knee, ankle, arm, breast and stomach areas. Although this process can improve self-confidence by providing improvement in your body contours, protective diet and/or exercises should be continued in order for the result to be permanent. Ideal patients for Laser Liposuction are patients who have normal or almost normal body weight, have a tight and elastic skin structure, have excess fat in localized body areas. Skin elasticity may be reduced due to age, weight gain and delivery and the likelihood of getting results with liposuction is reduced in such patients. Because you cannot tighten a very over-drenched skin with laser, applying stretching methods gives better results. In case of stretched or slightly sagged skin, the application of tightening on the skin with Laser Liposuction gives very good results.
Since the 2nd generation devices have begun to be used in Laser Liposuction, it has been possible to remove a greater amount of fat (since power is increased). Even if no fat is removed with these devices, the skin tightening mode can be used for tightening and positive results can be obtained with this. If Laser Liposuction method is used in the right patient with correct and realistic expectations, it can be quite satisfactory.
In all operations, bleeding, infection, complications related to anesthesia, systemic problems related to other diseases can be seen. The most risky event of liposuction surgery is embolism. Although there are methods that can reduce the risk of embolism, this risk can never be reduced to zero. If adequate and smooth massage is not performed after this operation, and if the corset is folded, folds may occur on the skin. If the elasticity of the skin is severely impaired, there may be loosening and sagging of the skin due to inability to achieve adequate tightening. In general, a temporary loss of sensation may occur. In patients with herniated disc or abdominal lining, the abdominal wall may be punctured by liposuction.
Of course, these complication rates decrease to the minimum in competent, rigorous and experienced hands. Refer to a plastic surgeon to find the best surgical method for you.