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Our skin is very important for us. The first thing that shows the appearance and health of people is our skin. Dermatology (skin) science was created in order to treat the disorders in our skin which is important for us. This discipline identifies all diseases related to skin and serves to determine the treatment process.

Dermatology clinics are benefited by the people in not only the skin diseases but also in many skin youth and beauty areas. Dermatologists examine the skin related disorders and help us to determine the most appropriate treatment method.

Our skin is our most important protection shield because it covers our bodies and protects our organs. Therefore, people should be sensitive about this issue. You should definitely consult to private clinics or hospitals for botox, laser, filling or similar procedures. The most well-known disorders in the field of dermatology are vitiligo, Behçet's disease, excessive sweating, burns, urticaria, hair loss, allergic skin disorders and similar skin diseases.

There are many dermatologists who work in the field of dermatology in Turkey. In this regard, Turkey has well-trained specialists. As you have such possibility, you should definitely choose a dermatology clinic if you have a skin disease, or you want to have a number of aesthetic procedures for your skin. In this way, all processes will be applied professionally by experts in the field.

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is the name of the disease characterized by white spots caused by loss of pigments in some areas of the skin. Its cause is unclear but there is a hypothesis that an autoimmune mechanism is effective against melanocyte cells producing melanin pigment, which gives the color of the skin. It can usually begin in any period of life. Although the hereditary property is not clear, the family of 1/3 of the cases has a history of vitiligo or other diseases that develop with autoimmune mechanisms. Although the disease progresses slowly, it may spread over time and there may be white hairs with loss of pigments in the mucous membranes in the skin. In some patients, the pigments may be treated or the disease may disappear itself, but the exacerbations may continue. Although it is not a life threatening disease, it is one of the reasons to apply frequently to dermatology outpatient clinics due to the psycho-social effects.

Diagnosis is easy in most cases and is performed by clinical observation. Rarely, biopsy is needed. However, the fact that vitiligo is often triggered by an autoimmune mechanism directs the physicians to check for thyroid disease and they make both thyroid function tests and antithyroid antibodies including peroxidases, and look for other autoimmune diseases. Because the course of the disease will vary from person to person, it is not possible to speak precisely about the development of it. Despite all data obtained in recent years, vitiligo remains a difficult problem for both the patient and the physician.

Wart

Warts (Verruka) are papillomavirus (PVH) and benign proliferations in the skin and mucous membranes.

Papillomaviruses are subset of papillomaviruses and they cause warts to appear in different shapes. These clinical forms can be seen as, for example, simple warts, plantar warts in the soles of the feet, filiform warts in rope shape, anogenital warts in the genital areas, and warts that look flat on the surface. Warts can be seen in all age groups, but warts located outside of the genital areas are mostly seen in children and young adults and the clinical signs may remain for a long time. It is possible for an agent to be seen in the skin or entering from a microtrauma field at the end of the incubation period and it can remain in the subclinical area for a long time without any symptoms. Anogenital warts are transmitted through sexual contact. The possibility of contamination in places where there is intense contact with people, such as pools and sports halls and baths, is still controversial and unspecified, but clinical observations support this. The skin is moist and permeable, which makes infectiousness easier. After contamination of the skin, shaving, scratching, etc. movements of the person may spread it to the other parts of the body.

Although warts are benign lesions, it is an infectious disease that should be treated as it causes pain due to pressure in areas such as soles of the feet, increase in flat-appearing lesions on the skin of the face, creates aesthetic problems and has natural contagion features. However, the treatment should be programmed according to the age group, the prevalence and the severity of the lesions by considering the treatment options by questioning the other health problems of the person and taking into account the demands of the patient. Treatment should not create a more serious healing process than the warts, because most of the warts can also show regression and the cases called resistant remain around 10%. Anogenital lesions should be examined by partner examination.

Treatment options

The variety of methods used for treatment shows us that there is no option for everyone. Although there are many methods that have been tried and reported to be effective in a certain extent in the literature, it will be the presence of a specific antiviral agent which is effective in the local use and therefore the good treatment of the skin to the ideal treatment. However, the treatment should not harm the person more than the warts.

Behcet's disease

Behçet's disease is a disease that is unknown, complex and has influence on many organs. Although the disease was firstly identified with recurrent mouth ulcers, genital ulcers and ocular manifestations, it was later revealed that it causes symptoms and signs in the heart, blood vessels, digestive system, lungs, joints, kidney and nervous system. Behçet's disease is a chronic disease. The disease is most often seen in Turkey, the Mediterranean countries and in Japan between 20-40 years of age. The incidence is higher in men than in women. It is rarely seen in children and the elderly.

There is no definite cause for the disease. Genetic factors, viruses and environmental factors are considered as causes. In Behcet's disease, the body fights against its own tissues. 

What Are the Symptoms of Behçet's Disease?

How Is Behcet's Disease Treated?
There is no specific treatment because the cause of the disease is not known exactly. Antiseptic mouthwashes and cortisone creams are used for oral aphthae. In Behçet's disease, cortisone-containing drugs are commonly used if the eye, nervous system and digestive system are involved. Colchicine and some drugs used in the treatment of cancer are also used to treat Behçet's disease. The disease continues as exacerbations and sedation periods. The duration of treatment depends on the relapse of the symptoms. If the symptoms of the disease have subsided after approximately two years of treatment, the drug treatment is terminated and the patient is continued to be monitored. If there is eye involvement, treatment takes longer. 

There are patients who are fully recovered from Behçet's disease, as well as patients with very chronic and frequent exacerbations. Patients having Behçet's disease often refer to alternative treatment methods. However, there is no proven alternative treatment method. Leaving standard medical treatment and referring to alternative treatment involves serious risks. Some agents used in alternative therapy have interactions with other drugs.

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