The substance, which is behind the pupil and becomes more and more opaque by losing its transparency, restricts the vision and the misty vision begins.
By surgery, cataracts can be defined as a simple disease which can be performed without any anesthesia without needles and without anesthesia. It is used by replacing the lens, losing the transparency, with the artificial lens.
What are the symptoms of cataract?
The cataract initially affects your vision very little. You may think that the image is a little blurry, as if you're looking through a frosted glass.
Occasionally, sunlight may blind you due to cataracts or the lamps may look too bright. Or while driving at night, the headlights of the other cars may cause too much glow. Also, the colors may not look as bright as before.
Depending on the type of your cataract, the type of your complaints, the number and when it will occur will change.
For example, you begin to see books and newspaper articles and numbers on your phone more clearly when nuclear cataracts first appear. On the other hand, when you're watching television or driving, you realize that your vision is more blurry than before. Unfortunately, this improvement in near vision is temporary and will disappear as the cataract worsens.
However, you should always be examined by an eye specialist in order to understand and make sure that your current visual impairment or visual complaints are related to cataracts or a more serious eye disease.
What are the causes of cataract?
The lenses of the eyes focus on what we see around us, and help us see things that are close and distant. The loss of transparency of the lens due to any reason is known as cataract.
Risk factors that may be associated with cataracts other than old age are as follows:
It is known that regular and predominantly fruit and vegetable nutrition can help prevent some types of cataracts.
When complaints first appear, methods such as eyeglass change and reading in a brighter environment can help us to see for a little time. But you should consider surgery when your cataract is seriously disrupting your vision and starting to affect your daily life.
Cataract surgery is an easy and painless procedure to regain your clear vision.
Cataract surgery is the most common eye surgery in the world, and most people who are operated have a good vision to do their daily work easily.
Does Cataract Occur Only in the Elderly?
Most of the cataract cases affect people over the age of 50 and people over 75 years of age have a slight cataract in one or both eyes.
Rarely, cataracts may occur even in babies.
Generally, it can be related to the mother's exposure to measles, chickenpox or other contagious diseases during pregnancy, or a genetic predisposition.
Should Cataract Surgery Be Done Immediately?
Mild cataracts usually do not cause significant vision problems. In such a case, it is necessary to see whether your cataract makes it difficult for you to do your daily work before surgery is recommended.
However, if your cataract worsens and you start to have difficulty doing activities such as driving and reading, it is time to undergo cataract surgery.
Are There any Risks in the Cataract Surgery?
Like any surgery, cataract surgery involves some risks. However, it is the most commonly performed eye surgery.
These risks are never at the forefront in an experienced surgeon and appropriate operating room conditions.
Does Cataract Repeat After Surgery?
In months or years after cataract surgery, a small number of people have blurred vision in the back of the lens capsule. This is known as posterior capsule opacification and can be easily treated with the procedure called YAG laser capsulotomy.
With this laser application, you can regain your clear vision.
Is it necessary to wear glasses when reading a book after cataract surgery?
Nowadays, it is possible to read books and newspapers without eyeglasses after cataract surgery with clever or highly focused intraocular lenses.
Ask your doctor if your eyes are appropriate for this before the operation.
Does Cataract Cause Blindness?
Yes, cataracts that are not operated can reduce your vision and cause blindness over time. In other words, it may prevent you from going out of your house and watching television.
However, the blindness caused by cataracts is temporary, and is eliminated after surgery and you will regain your smooth vision again. You can even drive without glasses after the surgery.
However, we recommend that you undergo the surgery without waiting for the degree of blindness to get the best out of cataract surgery.
Because, the risks of surgeries on cataracts which may be very advanced and very hard, are more frequent and likely.
Should I wear glasses after cataract surgery?
If you choose the standard intraocular lens before surgery, you will definitely need a pair of glasses to read the book, and sometimes you will need your long sight glasses to drive and watch television. However, most of the people applied with smart or multifocal intraocular lens during surgery can do almost all of their daily work without glasses.
Can Laser Cataract Surgery be performed after myopia-astigmatism surgery?
Yes, people at a younger age who have got rid of their eyeglasses with laser can be easily treated when they have cataracts at an older age. However, it is necessary and important to know your eye examination records prior to laser myopia-astigmatic surgery to accurately calculate the number of the lens placed in the eye during cataract surgery.
Can Cataract Surgery correct astigmatism?
Yes, it is possible to correct astigmatism with a special lens called toric lens placed in the eye in modern cataract surgery. Thus, your astigmatism will be treated permanently and safely.
If astigmatism still causes blurred vision after the cataract surgery, your astigmatism can be corrected with laser.
Can Cataract Surgery be performed in both eyes at the same time?
If you have cataracts in both eyes, the application is made in one eye at first and in the second eye after a few days or 1 week as a standard. The main reason for this is that, even rarely, both eyes may be exposed to risk of infection and in cases when the application cannot provide clear vision without glasses after the first operation, the patient may obtain a clearer vision in the second eye by making re-planning before the operation in the other eye.
However, since the modern cataract surgery is extremely safe and the results are satisfactory, some surgeons may prefer to operate both eyes at the same time in order for both eyes to have clear vision as soon as possible, for the patient to return to his/her normal life or work faster, for the patients coming from a distant place not to have the same fatigue again and not to have unbalanced vision after the operation
Does Cataract Surgery Cause Eye Dryness?
No, cataract surgery does not cause dryness of the eyes. However, pre-existing dry eye problem may prevent us to see more clearly after cataract surgery. Therefore, you may sometimes be asked to use artificial tears after surgery, sometimes it may be advisable to have dry eye treatment first and then to have a cataract operation according to the results of the eye examination performed prior to cataract surgery.
Does Cataract Surgery Affect the Black Spots that Hover in Front of the Eye?
Since you can see more clearly after the cataract surgery, the black spots that hover in front of the eyes may become more prominent and visible than before. Small black spots do not bother you too much. But if you have big filthy blackness and it makes it harder for you to do your daily work, it will be helpful to consult an ophthalmologist who has expertise in retinal diseases and surgery about how to get rid of them.
Does Cataract Surgery Improve Eye Laziness?
Although amblyopia is not an eye disease, it is the problem of not being able to reach normal vision level even with glasses or contact lenses. Amblyopia begins in infancy or early childhood, and is usually seen only in one eye, but can sometimes affect both eyes. The most common cause of amblyopia is high myopia, hypermetropia or astigmatism. Sometimes strabismus may occur. Strabismus is a common cause of amblyopia. Sometimes the baby cataract after the birth may also cause amblyopia.
Cataract surgery in adult age may partially improve vision in the eyes with amblyopia. Despite this, timely cataract surgery in infants and children is much more effective and pleasing in the treatment of eye laziness.
Does night vision improve after cataract surgery?
Yes, cataract surgery improves your night vision and driving ability at night. One of the first signs of cataract is the decrease of night vision, the formation of rings around the lights and the feeling of glare.
Can Cataract Surgery be performed if there is eye pressure?
Yes, you may have cataract surgery if you have an eye pressure disease (Glaucoma). In fact, sometimes cataract surgery can reduce your blood pressure, and the number of your medication used for your high eye tension. In addition, glaucoma surgery can be performed with cataract surgery. However, the patients who have undergone cataract surgery and especially those with previous eye pressure disease (glaucoma) should be more carefully followed up because of the risk of increased eye pressure in the first days after surgery.