Brain-Spinal Cord-Nervous Surgery is a branch of choice in the surgical treatment of central and peripheral nervous system diseases.
Especially good and malignant brain tumors, spinal cord tumors, tumors that contain peripheral nerves and surgical treatment of tumors are considered in this specialization. It is responsible for the surgical treatment of the most common types of spinal cord diseases, such as waist and neck hernia, spinal stenosis, spinal stenosis, waist shift (spondilolisthesis). Trauma of the nervous system (head traumas-traumatic cerebral hemorrhages, spinal cord injuries), and the subjects that may require urgent surgical intervention are included in the knowledge and responsibility of neurosurgery specialists.
Surgical treatment of the nervous system anomalies (such as congenital spinal curvatures, craniosynostosis, hydrocephalus, spinal cord swellings that can be encountered on the waist or neck) is within the scope of brain surgery. The surgical treatment of cerebral hemorrhage as a result of aneurysm and vascular malformation and cerebral hemorrhage requiring other types of surgery is are in the field of brain surgery. In the field of functional neurosurgery, the brain surgery is also responsible for insertion of brain cells in Parkinson's or other movement disorders, surgical treatment of epileptic epileptic patients who could not be controlled with medication, placement of pump in excessive muscle spasms due to established paralysis, implantation of nerve stimulator, surgical procedures for pain (cordotomy, RF, rhizotomy). Neck vein occlusion or stenosis (carotid stenosis) and hydrocephalus (accumulation of water in the gaps in the brain) which are encountered in the adults are also in the service area of neurosurgery specialists.
Cerebrovascular Aneurysms:It is a cerebrovascular disease which appears as bubbles in the brain veins and can cause sudden deterioration with bleeding and vital losses.
Arterio-Venous Malformation:It is a vascular disease that is prone to bleeding, in which the arteries and veins are seen as a ball in the brain.
Carotid Stenosis:It is the narrowing and obstruction of the blood vessels in the neck or brain. Clot formation and stroke (stroke) occur and treatment should be performed within hours.
Brain Bleeding:It is a state of blood leakage into the brain membranes or brain tissue.
Cerebrovascular Congestion:A sudden interruption of the blood flow to the brain due to the brain vascular occlusion. This case is known as stroke and should be treated quickly. It is possible to open the occluded vein with endovascular methods, to re-establish brain blood supply by microsurgery or to relieve trapped brain tissues.
Brain and Spinal Tumors
Microsurgical and endoscopic techniques are used in the brain and nerve tumors of both adults and children. Patients are evaluated by the brain and nerve surgeons, radiation oncologist, medical oncologist and neuroradiologist. In some tumors, long-term chemotherapy (drug therapy) and/or radiotherapy (radiation therapy) are planned. Operations are performed with the participation of ENT specialist in the surgical team especially in pituitary tumors and skull base tumors.
Surgery is applied in traumatic injuries such as accidents, and spinal cord narrowing and gliding of the waist. In addition to this, diseases such as lumbar and neck hernia are treated by the brain and nerve surgeons. In the "Minimally invasive spine center" where the surgical procedures of the herniated disc, neck hernia and spine are applied by microsurgical and endoscopic surgery, rehabilitation services are planned together with the physical therapy and rehabilitation department. Minimally invasive pain interventions, in other words the non-operative interventional therapies for pain, are maintained in this discipline.
Emergency interventions are applied to patients having head traumas without wasting time. Patients are treated with the intensive care unit. They are also referred to physical therapy and rehabilitation programs simultaneously. The aim is to eliminate the life risk and improve the quality of life. Rapid diagnosis and care of all kinds of trauma (head trauma, spine trauma, etc.), which may develop due to various accidents, can be performed by the brain, spinal and neurosurgical team coordinated with the emergency service and intensive care unit for 24 hours.